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Adenylyl cyclase (EC 4.6.1.1, adenyl cyclase and adenylate cyclase, abbreviated AC) is an enzyme with key regulatory roles in essentially all cells. AC converts adenosine triphosphate (ATP) into 3′,5′-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), which acts as an important second messenger in various signaling cascades. The cAMP produced by AC then serves as a regulatory signal via specific cAMP-binding proteins, either transcription factors, enzymes (e.g., cAMP-dependent kinases), or ion transporters.
 
There are ten known isoforms of adenylyl cyclases in mammals: ADCY1-10, also sometimes called simply AC1, AC2, etc.

In neurons, calcium-sensitive adenylyl cyclases are located next to calcium ion channels for faster reaction to Ca2+ influx; they are suspected of playing an important role in learning processes. This is supported by the fact that adenylyl cyclases are coincidence detectors, meaning that they are activated only by several different signals occurring together. In peripheral cells and tissues adenylyl cyclases appear to form molecular complexes with specific receptors and other signaling proteins in an isoform-specific manner.
Adenylyl cyclase has been implicated in memory formation, functioning as a coincidence detector.

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Information
PC-70041

ST-034307

133406-29-8 ST-034307 (ST 034307, ST034307) is a potent, selective adenylyl cyclase 1 (AC1) with IC50 of 2.3 uM.
PC-72951

AC1-IN-38

2762422-55-7 AC1-IN-38 is a potent, selective inhibitor of adenylyl cyclase type 1 (AC1) with IC50 of 0.54 uM.
PC-35246

AC5 inhibitor C90

AC5 inhibitor C90 is a novel potent, selective adenylyl cyclase type 5 (AC5) inhibitor with IC50 of 30 nM, >5-fold selectivity over AC2 and AC6 subtypes.
PC-62711

CB-6673567

379218-90-3 CB-6673567 is a potent, selective Adenylyl Cyclase 1 (AC1) inhibitor with IC50 of 77 uM, displays a 2- to 4-fold isoform selectivity over AC6.
PC-62710

CB-7921220

115453-99-1 CB-7921220 is a potent, selective Adenylyl Cyclase 1 (AC1) inhibitor..
PC-62254

NKH 477 hydrochloride

138605-00-2 NKH 477 hydrochloride (Colforsin dapropate) is a water-soluble analog of Forskolin and a potent activator of adenylyl cyclase, shows some selectivity for cardiac (type V) adenylyl cyclase.
PC-60892

KH7

330676-02-3 A potent, specific soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC) inhibitor that inhibits Mn2+-dependent sAC with IC50 of 2.7 uM.

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